Omaha Poker Rules, Varieties and Strategies - PokerBaba
How to play omaha poker

What you need to know about Omaha Holdem poker

Omaha is one of the most difficult but best-known forms of poker. In fact, it is the second most popular poker game, gaining such recognition because of its unusual rules and features. That’s why the game is called very dynamic and even aggressive because players don’t get bored at the table. In contrast to 

Seven Card Texas Hold’em, this game is a nine-card game. The rules of these two types are very similar. But still, they have some differences: In Omaha, players are dealt 4 hole cards, but the final poker hand consists of 5 cards, which in turn will consist of exactly 2 hole cards and 3 hole cards.

Now let’s analyze in order what kinds there are in Omaha Holdem and describe each of them.

Omaha varieties

There are several types of Omaha, differing from each other in both the objectives of the game and their conditions. The three main types are listed below:

  • Limit or fixed. 

That is, the stakes are limited. Before each trade, a certain betting limit is placed in each game. It is impossible to exceed the set amount in this game. These amounts of bets are indicated through a fraction, where the numerator is the amount in the first two trades, and the denominator is the rest. 

  • Pot-Limit.

The maximum bet amount is limited to the number of chips in the pot, which is the size of the pot.

  • No Limit or No Limit.

The maximum bet is limited only by the number of chips a player has. There are no other limits.

Also, there is also such a type as, Cash game. This is a format of poker, where the game is played on chips, the value of which is equal to a big blind in the currency of the table. The user can join by taking any empty seat at the cash table. You can play for an unlimited amount of time and leave at any time. Betting amounts depend on the table limit, which is announced in advance.

Basic Poker Terms 

Before learning the rules of the game, it is necessary to familiarize yourself with the basic terms denoting the players’ actions:

  • Bet – is the first bet;
  • Call – the support of the previous bet;
  • Fold – resetting cards or quitting the game;
  • Check (if there were no previous bets) – just skipping a move;
  • Raise – increase bets.

It’s also worth remembering that the preflop, flop, turn and river are the order names of the bets, from the first to the fourth.

Check this out Texas Hold’em Review.

Omaha poker rules

You have to learn the rules of any game from the very basics. In poker, it is the seniority of the combinations. Here you will not find any differences with hold’em. If you are a beginner, it is useful to learn the seniority of card combinations in Omaha poker hands so that you do not get confused in the game. This is important because you are playing for real money. Omaha poker rules, as well as its rounds, are similar to Texas Hold’em:

  1. Blinders are posted;
  2. A flop of 3 cards is dealt and the first round of betting is conducted;
  3. The turn is dealt and the second round of betting is conducted;
  4. After the next card is opened on the river and the betting game, the opponents’ cards are opened. 

The goal of this game is to get the maximum winning combination of cards, similar to the combinations in Texas Hold’em.

Omaha poker how to play

The game starts with two players placing the mandatory bets – the small blind and the big blind. In this article, you can see our list of the best poker sites. When you look in the lobby, you’ll see the characteristics of the table – for example, 0.05/0.10. These numbers represent the size of the small and big blind. These bets are mandatory and are made blind in order to create a starting capital. On the table, you will see a big round chip with a “D” or “dealer” written on it, also known as a batton or simply a button. It determines the order of trade and each hand moves clockwise to the next player, face down in turn. The participants sitting behind the batton put on the blinds. After that, the dealer hands the players four hole cards each. From this point, the bidding for the next rounds begins:

  • Pre-flop is the first round when the players can already see their cards and assess their chances of winning. According to the rules, the game moves clockwise and each contestant takes turns saying their word. The bidding ends on the big blind. 
  • The flop is the next round when the dealer places three face-down Community Cards on the table. On this and the following rounds, players are allowed to ‘check’ and see another card for free. But that’s only if no one has raised the bet. Otherwise, the hand will have to be called, either by folding or raising again.
  • The turn is the third round when the fourth common card appears on the table. Again there is a similar round of betting as in the flop, with the same rules. 
  • The river is a round of betting when the dealer reveals the final fifth card. Each player can now evaluate their chances of winning objectively.
  • Card showdown.

The first to open cards is the participant who was the last to bet or the active player to the left of the button. The bank is taken by the player, whose combination is recognized as winning and the best. After that the next deal or post-flop begins. In the last stage, the participants with strong combinations continue fighting for the right to take the pot.

Omaha poker hand rankings

hand ranking at omaha poker

Since there are four pocket cards in Omaha, it is important to remember that you can always use exactly two of them in a winning hand in Omaha poker. Below you can find those, from the strongest to the weakest:

  • Flash Royal – cards of the same suit, going in a sequence from a ten to an ace.
  • Straight Flush – five cards of the same suit following each other;
  • Four of a Kind – four cards of the same suit;
  • Full House – three cards of the same strength that are combined with a pair of cards of a different rank;
  • Flush – five cards in a suit;
  • Straight – five cards following each other in order without regard to suit;
  • A triplet or set – three identical cards;
  • Two Pairs;
  • One pair;
  • The highest card.

Thus, the winning combinations in Omaha poker will not always be determined by the strength of the cards, which should also be taken into account by beginners. It’s also worth remembering that in Omaha, as well as in Hold’em, there is no seniority of suits.  

Omaha poker strategy

When playing Omaha, it is better to stick to a certain strategy and make decisions according to the situation during the game. We will give you some tips so that you can become a professional in this card game:

  1. The approach to the starting cards should be critical. It’s best to make these decisions based on the best pocket card combinations from the start. Good hands are single-handed pairs of the same denomination.
  2. Analyze all the cards. Thinking through the current situation can be a big advantage. It’s important to analyze what cards your opponents have, what might fall next, and so on;
  3. Postflop should be only with good combinations. In other cases, it is better to discard cards;
  4. Reasonable Bluffs. You should not bluff often in Omaha, because it may not yield the same results as in Texas Hold’em.

We hope that our tips will help you and you can not only have a good time but also make decent money in Omaha. 

Best Omaha Poker Sites

It is an important task for a novice player to choose a reliable poker site to play at. We tried for you and made a comparison of several poker sites, which should meet the criteria: legality and reliability, the range of poker games, and the possibility of earning. As a result, we singled out the following sites:

Playing any kind of poker on these sites, you can hone your skills in the game because all of these allow you to play for free before you start playing for real money!